The apocryphal Book of Jubilees speaks of two heavenly tablets or books: a Book of Life for the righteous, and a Book of Death for those that walk in the paths of impurity and are written down on the heavenly tablets as adversaries (of God). Also, according to Jubilees 36:10, one who contrives evil against his neighbor will be blotted out of the Book of Remembrance of men, and will not be written in the Book of Life, but in the Book of Perdition. In Daniel 12:1 and Enoch 47:3 “the Ancient of Days” is described as seated upon his throne of glory with “the Book” or “the Books of Life” (“of the Living”) opened before him. So are, according to Enoch 56:1, the righteous “written before the glory of the Great One,” and, according to Enoch 108:3, the transgressors “blotted out of the Book of Life and out of the books of the holy ones. ” Reference is made also in The Shepherd of Hermas (Vision i. 3; Mandate viii. ; Similitude ii. ); in Revelation 3:5, 13:8, 17:8, 20:12–15, where “two Books” are spoken of as being “opened before the throne, the Book of Life, and the Book of Death, in which latter the unrighteous are recorded together with their evil deeds, in order to be cast into the lake of fire. ” It is the Book of Life in which the apostles’ names are “written in heaven” (Luke 10:20), or “the fellow-workers” of Paul (Phil 4:3), and “the assembly of the first-born” (Hebrews 12:23; compare I Clem. 45). Allusion is made also in Enoch 81:4, 89:61–77, 90:17–20, 98:6-15, 104:7; 2 Baruch 24:1; Ascension of Isaiah 9:20.

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